Archaeopteryx Skull cast. Late Jurassic. 150 MYA. Theropod. Carnivore. Archaeopteryx is found in Southern Germany. Archaeopteryx means "Ancient Feather" or "Ancient Wing". The German name Urvogel means "Original Bird" or "First Bird". At this time, Archaeopteryx is the oldest known bird. They had teeth like most dinosaurs; and, they had fingers on their wings. Length: 5 cm.